(with a thank you to bicyclehistory.net)
The first bicycles were created in France and originally called, “bicyclette," but its modern design was born in England. The first models were called velocipedes. Inventors who first conceived modern bicycles were either blacksmiths or cartwrights. The first commercially sold bicycle, “Boneshaker” weighed 80 kg when it appeared for sale in 1868 in Paris. Today, over 100 million bicycles are manufactured each year. Today there are over 1 billion bicycles currently being used all around the world.
More than 100 years after the first bicycle was brought into China, the country now has over half a billion of them.
5% of all trips in the United Kingdom are made with bicycles. In the United States this number is lower than 1%, but in the Netherlands the rate is 30%. Seven out of eight people in the Netherlands that are older than 15 have a bicycle.
Fastest measured speed of driving a bicycle on a flat surface is 133.75 km/h. Popular bicycle type BMX was created in the 1970's as a cheaper alternative to motocross races. Today they can be found all around the world.
First bicycle-like transportation device was created in 1817 by German Baron Karl Von Drais. His design became known as draisine or dandy horse, but it was quickly replaced with more advanced velocipede designs that had pedal-driven transmission.
The three most famous types of bicycles in the first 40 years of bicycle history were French Boneshaker, English penny-farthing and Rover Safety Bicycle.
Cycling as a popular pastime and competitive sport was established during late 19th century in England.
Bicycles save over 238 million gallons of gas every year.
The smallest bicycle ever made has wheels of the size of silver dollars.
Most famous bicycle race in the world is the Tour de France which was established in 1903 and is still held each year when cyclists from all over the world take part in a 3 week event that is finished in Paris.
A 1-year maintenance cost for a bicycle is over times 20 cheaper than for a car.
One of the most important creations in the history of bicycles was the pneumatic tire. This invention was made by John Boyd Dunlop in 1887.
Cycling is one of the best pastimes for people who want to reduce the risk of having heart disease and stroke.
E-Bikes are very popular because they make daily commutes much easier.
Bicycles can have more than one seat. The most popular configuration is a two-seater tandem bike, but the record holder is a 67-foot-long bicycle that was driven by 35 people.
In 2011, Austrian racing cyclist Markus Stöckl drove an ordinary bicycle down the hill of a volcano. He attained the speed of 164.95 km/h.
One car parking space can hold between 6 and 20 parked bicycles.
First rear-wheel powered bicycle design was created by the Scottish blacksmith Kirkpatrick Macmillan.
Fastest speed attained on bicycle that was driven on flat terrain with the help of pace car that removed wind turbulence was 268 km/h. This was achieved by Fred Rompelberg in 1995.
Over 90% of all bicycle trips are shorter than 15 kilometers.A daily 10 mile ride burns 360 calories and saves the environment from 5 kilos of carbon dioxide emissions that are produced by cars.
Bicycles are more efficient in transforming energy to travel than cars, trains, airplanes, boats, and motorcycles.
The United Kingdom is home to over 20 million bicycles.
The same energy that is expended for walking can be used with bicycle for x3 increase of speed.
The first cyclist who drove his bicycle around the world was Fred A. Birchmore. He pedaled for 25,000 miles and traveled other 15,000 miles by boat. He wore out 7 sets of tires.
Energy and resources that are used for creation of one single car can be used for creation of up to 100 bicycles.
The first Mountain Bikes were made in 1977.
The United States home to hundreds of cycling clubs.
10% of New York City’s workforce commutes daily on bicycles.
36% of Copenhagen’s workforce commute daily on bicycles, and only 27% drive cars. In that city bicycles can be rented for free.
40% of all Amsterdam’s commutes are made on a bike.